The two main types of life insurance are universal and term. The main difference between these two policies is how long the coverage lasts. With a term plan, you pay a set fee every year in exchange for the duration of the term, which could be as short as 5 years or as long as 30. A permanent policy, on the other hand, continues to provide coverage after the term ends. Universal life insurance is ideal for those who want to stretch out their initial investment over time rather than buying a single policy today and then purchasing new policies periodically throughout their lifetime. Read on to learn more about the pros and cons of each type of life insurance, along with examples of each in action.
What is life insurance?
Life insurance is a contract between two parties: the buyer and the insurance company. The main purpose of life insurance is to replace the income of the policy owner if he or she dies. Most people buy a term policy to provide them with some financial security either in the event of an untimely death or in the event of a disability. Term insurance policies are sold to last for a specific period of time, such as 10 years or 30 years. The policy owner pays an annual premium each year for the term of the policy. When they decide to retire, they can either cash out the policy by paying the face amount of the policy grant (the amount the insurance company will pay you if you die during the term of the policy) or make additional payments to increase the death benefit (the amount the insurance company will pay if you die during the term of the policy.)
Universal Life Insurance
Universal life insurance pays a lump sum when the policyholder dies. This benefit is generally not as high as term life insurance, but it reduces the risk of outliving one’s assets because it covers the cost of a desired amount of monthly income for a period of time. The distinctive trait of universal life insurance is their flexibility of premium option. Even tough some company will make you pay single or fixed premium schedule. This type of insurance had two main components, cost of insurance amount and a saving component, known as the cash value. Which both can adjust based on your agreement with company.
Term Life Insurance
Term life insurance is the most common type you’ll see, and it’s the one most people think of when they hear the word “life insurance.” Because it is paid annually, it is a form of limited term insurance that is primarily used to help pay for everyday items should an unexpected event occur. If you choose a longer-term policy of, say, 20 years, you’ll usually be charged a higher rate of interest. You can get a lower rate by choosing a shorter term, but your rate will likely be higher because you are paying interest on a smaller amount of money. It’s important to note that you don’t have to pay the full term of the policy. If you are diagnosed with a terminal illness and are expected to live for only a few years, for example, you can cancel your policy before the 20 years are up and receive a refund.
Whole Life Life Insurance
Whole life insurance is also referred to as permanent life insurance. You can choose to get a whole life policy or a universal life policy, and both have many of the same basic features. The main difference is that with a whole life policy, you’re guaranteed the death benefit, while with universal life, you’re not. Whole life insurance is different because it’s like a hybrid between term and permanent insurance. With a whole life policy, you’re guaranteed the death benefit, but the amount of that benefit decreases as you make additional premium payments. This type of policy is often confused with the term life insurance, but there are some important distinctions. First, with whole life, you don’t pay a death benefit if you die before the policy term ends. Instead, you make a series of premium payments to the insurance company over the course of the term of the policy. If you choose to cash out when the policy is up, you keep the amount you paid in premiums. There are no taxes owed on the death benefit either, which is a big advantage over term insurance.
A permanent life insurance policy is designed to offer a lifetime of coverage. When you choose a permanent life insurance policy, you are automatically enrolled in the plan and given a monthly payment for the duration of the policy. Unlike term and whole life policies, permanent policies can generally only be purchased once and do not change based on your health or financial situation. The amount of the monthly payment may change over time as you age and as your health status changes, but it will always stay the same until you choose to cancel the policy. Another benefit of permanent life insurance is that it provides peace of mind. You can rest assured knowing that, even if something catastrophic happens, your loved ones will still be taken care of.
Pros of Term Life Insurance
For those who are young and healthy, term life insurance provides inexpensive protection against the loss of income in the event of death. The policy may have a minimum or maximum term, depending on the policy. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) recommends buying no-load term life insurance policies, which have a low premium, no sales charge, and no surrender charges. Other terms to look out for are a long time to live or a shorter time to live. The longer the term, the lower the monthly premium and the less protection it will provide. That is why many people prefer a policy with a shorter, 5-year term. However, a 5-year term may cost more than a 10-year term because the insurance company pays out more in the first 5 years.
Pros of Universal Life Insurance
The main benefit of buying universal life insurance is that it can help you save money. It may seem counterintuitive, but you can actually save a lot of money by buying a high-rate term policy. All term life insurance policies are variable, because they are based on your age and health at the time of purchase. The only way to lower your premium or increase your coverage is to move into a less expensive age category and/or get healthier. But buying a permanent life insurance policy does not change your premium. That means that from the time you purchase the policy all the way to the time you receive the death benefit (which may be your entire lifetime depending on the death benefit provided by the insurance company), it will be exactly the same price as when you purchased it.
Cons of Term Life Insurance
Another major downside of buying term life insurance is that you may outlive your beneficiaries if you die young. That’s because the amount paid to your beneficiaries is based on your age and health at the time of your death, and as you get older and healthier, that amount increases. If you die young, or if something happens to you in your later years that prevents you from producing income, you run the risk of outliving your beneficiaries and leaving them with no money. Term life insurance may also be prohibitively expensive for some families who have a high risk of dying young.
Cons of Universal Life
One potential issue with a universal life policy is that the death benefit may only be paid a certain number of times over the entire term. This is due to the fact that the death benefit is tied to the death benefit provided by the insurance company. Let’s say you purchase a $500,000 term policy with a 10-year term. Your death benefit is $500,000, which is guaranteed for the entire term. If you die during that term, your beneficiaries receive the full death benefit. But what if you make it to the end of the term but something happens and you no longer have any money left? The insurance company would take the full death benefit and cancel your policy.
Which Type of Life Insurance Is Right for You?
Now that you know the basics of each type of life insurance, it’s time to decide which type is right for you. Term insurance provides a low premium and is perfect for those who don’t expect to outlive their beneficiaries. It’s also a good choice for younger people who don’t have much in the way of health risks, who expect to be healthy for a long time, and who don’t need a lot of financial protection. Universal insurance is best for those who expect to be alive for a long time and for those who have high health risks. It’s also a good choice for those who don’t need a lot of financial protection because the death benefit is usually tax-free. There are a few factors to keep in mind when deciding on the best type of life insurance for you. For example, it’s helpful to know how long you’re likely to live, your health risks and health status, and your financial situation. That way, you can make an informed decision on which type of life insurance is right for you.